In Germany they first came for the Communists,
and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a Communist.
Then they came for the Jews,
and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a Jew.
Then they came for the trade unionists,
and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a trade unionist.
Then they came for the Catholics,
and I didn't speak up because I was a Protestant.
Then they came for me —
and by that time no one was left to speak up.
Maoists are hounding out Indians Times of India, India Death threats, 24-hour deadlines for leaving with bag and baggage have been received by Indian hospitality sector employees and businessmen, creating a sense of deep fear in the community. ..... The frightened community leaders have gone to the Indian embassy in Kathmandu for protection. Although the foreign office here confirmed that chauvinistic Maoists are driving out Indians, it has surprisingly not taken a public position on the issue -- apparently, it will when the threat triggers a deluge. ........ July 26, Maoists forced their way into the Kathmandu home of Rajesh Kataria and Kishore Sagar, employed in one of the numerous casinos in Kathmandu ....... Sagar was out, but Kataria was roundly threatened by his Maoist visitors, who said they belonged to the Maoist All Nepal Hotel and Restaurant Workers Union. He was asked to leave Nepal or he would be physically thrown out within the week. The same message was passed on to Sagar. The union told the casino employees to stop providing them with food and other services at their residence.........This is greatly troubling. What is the situation on the ground?
'We were very scared' Times of India, India Rajesh Kataria and Kishore Sagar, employed by Indian businessman and casino owner Rakesh Wadhwa, resigned after being threatened by Maoists. ..... senior employees in other hotels like Everest and Hyatt had also received threats. ...... July 28, Rakesh Wadhwa and his wife Shalini, who run magazines like Boss and Voice of Women, received a set of demands from the Maoist union. The memorandum issued included a clause saying "non-Nepali citizens other than technical ones working in Casino Everest be removed and the seats be replaced by Nepali citizens (sic)". ........ Shalini Wadhwa, who has also received death threats ....... The employees were accompanied by a person who said he was a Maoist. While negotiations were on, he intervened. In a veiled manner he said, 'We (Maoists) have a policy -- we shoot those who don't listen to us'." ........ the brazen campaign over the past few months, particularly after the SPA-Maoist regime took over from the King, to target Indian workers, entrepreneurs in different parts of the country. ........ The basic demand is simple: ask Indians to leave and replace them with Nepalis. ....... Indian ambassador Shiv Shankar Mukherjee is due to visit the home minister on Tuesday to ask for some action. Nobody is particularly hopeful, because, even the political parties.... are scared of the Maoists. ........ not just individual managers and workers who are at the recieving end of a campaign which, stripped of its revolutionary trappings, is little more than plain extortion. ....... In May, Maoists went after Indian industries in Birgunj, with a number of unreasonable demands, including removing Indian workers from the industries there. After protracted negotiations and when it was made clear that the industries couldn't really do without Indian skills, the Maoists backed off.
Either the Maoist leaders like Prachanda, Baburam and Mahara condone these acts, or they don't. And they are going to have to say where they stand.
The Hardliner Democrat Approach
The Bombing Of A Bus
There are various possibilities.
(1) Moriarty Is Right
He sees the Maoists for what they really are. These people have not changed at all. They are trying to pull a Lenin. They will use the constituent assembly to impose a totalitarian state.
(2) The Peace Process Has Been Too Slow
Girija Koirala wants the Maoists to disarm and the Nepal Army to remain as it is. That is counter to the 12 point agreement. That can push the Maoists into a corner. Their hardliners gain a upper hand.
(3) Maoist Leadership Is Not In Control
A lot of third rate criminals have infiltrated the Maoist ranks. Joining the party is easy money. Whatever the case, the Maoist leadership has to be confronted.
(4) The SPA Has To Make Its Case
Girija Koirala should be able to address the nation in a televised speech and lay the case. What does he think? Does he fear the worst? The worst case scenario is where you steal the Maoists' political thunder, and go for the military option.
Where Do I Stand
I don't see it in black and white.
The rule of law and multi-party democracy the Maoists have committed themselves to asks that they come into power through the ballot box, and if they can't win a majority they form a coalition, and they pass a law that bars Indian citizens from holding jobs in Nepal. That would be legitimate. This is fascism. This is xenophobia.
India is America. Nepal is Mexico. It is Nepalis that are flooding India. Before the fascist criminals in Nepal do their do, they should check the facts.
This is not an either/or question. The Maoists have to be tackled on many fronts at once.
This has been a stickler. The SPA has to show flexibility in ways that give the ballot box the advantage. I think the Moriarty and Girija model push the country closer to an all out civil war. I think the UN option is much better.
"According to the model proposed by the UN, weapons of scattered barracks of the Nepali Army would be placed in a unified camp with a similar arrangement for the rebels."
Asking the Maoists to disarm now raises their worst fears. They feel cornered. We have to understand that. On the other hand the SPA does have to understand that it is this army that kings have used to rob the country of democracy repeatedly. You can not all of a sudden fall in love with this army, especially with the people in the upper ranks.
Negotiating From A Position Of Strength
Democrats do hold armies. Democrats do fight wars. Liberty does sometimes ask for that ultimate sacrifice. But it is for the political leadership to make the case. And it is for the SPA to bring the army firmly under the parliament.
But for any military action to be successful, the political fight has to be won first. It has to be shown the Maoists were dishonest on the constituent assembly question.
If the SPA were to make the case for a war, there will be a lot of foreign military aid pouring into the country. But war is always a weapon of last resort. And all political options have to be exhausted first.
The SPA is nowhere close to exhausting all the political options.
Girija Koirala has to admit that his stand that the Maoists disarm now is a deviation from the 12 point agreement. So he can go back to the agreement, or he can seek mutually agreed deviation, and what the UN is suggesting is precisely that. That option will also give us an opportunity to reorganize the army, to restructure it to make it look like Nepal.
Check The Facts
Signing agreements is not enough. If you have a ceasefire agreement, there has to be a mechanism in place to make sure both sides are following the letter and spirit of the agreement.
I still think we should focus on the political solution. War has to be avoided. Power flows through the ballot box.
The government's task is not easy at all. There are so many uncertainties. I don't envy them. But we do have to keep our eyes on the ultimate goal: free and fair elections to a constituent assembly.
We are going to have to move beyond our sole stated goal that the Maoists disarm. That stand hurts the peace process.
The biggest mistake the SPA government has made is to not have set up a Truth And Reconciliation Commission. (Land Reform, Truth And Reconciliation) I can't see how you can move towards a permanent peace without that.
Fire Some Generals
Interim Monarchy, Interim Army, Interim Parliament
Interim Army: You Can Walk And Chew Gum At The Same Time
The Concept Of National Capital And The Maoists
Political Decisions, House Dissolution, Maoist Transformation
Interim Constitution Draft
Two Armies: What To Do
Rubbing The Maoist Nose In The Dust Is Not Smart
International Sanctions On Nepal Army Have To Continue
Bodyguards For Prachanda And Baburam
Abolish The Monarchy, Abolish The Army
Monarchy, Army, Federalism
40 Seats For Maoists, 25 For Others
Nepal As A Cutting Edge Democracy
A New Nepal Has Been Born
Land Reform, Truth And Reconciliation
We Took Care Of The King, Pyar Jung Is Small Fry
Dismantle The Two Armies
Reciprocate The Maoist Ceasefire Immediately
Army Under Parliament, Now
Maoist Reaction To Democratic Victory: Not Right
18 Days Of April Revolution: Victory
In The News
Trouble for Nepalis here? Times of India, India
Maoists threaten Indians working at casinos Hindu, India
Two Indian Nationals ‘Forced’ To Quit Casino Job Himalayan Times, Nepal
Maoists drive away Indians from Nepal casinos DailyIndia.com, NY
Maoists drive away Indians from Nepal casinos India eNews.com, India
Maoists threaten Indian workers in Nepal Chennai Online, India
Transitioning Nepal’s Army