LIVING WITH DUALITIES
The nation is moving in a trajectory that can only lead to violence
If you talk to the young Madhesi activists and professionals leading the movement, there is no cause to fear Nepal’s national identity or sovereignty. On the contrary, it is just the opposite: they generate hope. The movement is driven with reason and love for the country ..... So every time there are talks between the political parties, the people of Parsa tend to become more and more sceptical and disappointed. In the last few days, as dialogues have progressed in Kathmandu, the police started shooting people in Tarai, the administration desecrated a religious site with dogs and boots to facilitate the visit of the president, and the UML leaders started inciting people with acerbic words. As a result, the situation in Birgunj has grown tense overnight.......सेनाको इनर्जी बिस्कुट खरिदमा करोडौँ घोटाला–चौधरी ग्रुप संलग्न
the use of military force is constructive and positive at the centre, while it is terroristic and negative at the periphery........ Having a dual nationalism is natural for the minority groups, as is the case globally, but somehow, the dominant groups refuse to understand the sentiments of such divided consciousness......
The Madhes movement, as far as in Birgunj, its de facto headquarters, is an assertion of Nepali nationalism. It is a result of Madhesis seeking a share in the state sponsored nationalism....... The movement is driven by young educated professionals whose discourse is filled with reason and love for the country, and does not reflect any hate or ill will towards the hill community (except maybe the UML leaders). The drivers of the movement are aware that the path of violence and communalism will undermine their cause. But they are worried that they may not be able to hold the movement much longer, and blame the centre for trying to incite communal clashes and armed groups.......
when one visits a village some 16 kilometres west of Birgunj. Even now, only the NC and the UML have organised presence at the village level. All those people contesting elections, including those from the NC and the UML, had espoused the Madhesi cause during the elections....... Sustained political movement has made life in the plains much difficult, much more so than in the hills. The farmers are finding it difficult to sell recently harvested rice, whose prices have gone down by 20 percent. Kamarudding Miya Teli is a farmer who sold his grains to pay rent for his son’s cyber store. “There is much hardship,” he says, “but we will not give up.” Sustained hardship has generated an informal means of survival and there are questions whether the Madhes movement can last much longer. However, people appear to have devised ways to live with the hardships, a factor apparent in Kathmandu as elsewhere. Teli, like many other people, including leaders in Birgunj, tells of the impatience of the younger generation and the impulse to carry out an armed rebellion......... First, we had differences. Then that difference appeared as a contradiction while drafting a new constitution. We allowed that contradiction to polarise the nation. Our behaviour and speeches are only heightening that contradiction. As experiences of countless other nations indicate, such trajectory can only intensify conflict and lead to direct violence. For a party that espoused political stability and prosperity as its primary goal, paving a path towards violence and telling the minority groups that expression of their grievances is ‘stupid’ only indicates that it is politically immature and racist.
सेनाले देशभर रहेका ९७ हजार तीन सय १५ जना सेनाको लागि तीन वर्षका लागि बिस्कुट र दूध सिधै खरिद गर्ने निर्णय गरेको हो । टेण्डर गरेर खरिद गर्दा त करोडौँ रुपैयाँ भ्रष्टाचार हुने गर्छ भने सिधै खरिद गर्दा टेण्डर गरेर खरिद गरेभन्दा कैयौँ गुणा बढी भ्रष्टाचार हुने प्रष्ट छ ।
निजामती सेवामा सबैभन्दा बढी प्रतिनिधित्व राजपूत, कायस्थ र तराई ब्राम्हण
त्रिविविको अध्ययनमा समेटिएका ९७ जातजातिमध्ये २० जातजातिको आफ्नो जनसंख्याभन्दा धेरै अनुपातमा निजामती सेवामा प्रतिनिधित्व छ।.... माथि तालिकामा उल्लेखित १० जातजातिबाहेक निजामती सेवामा आफ्नो जनसंख्या भन्दा धेरै प्रतिनिधित्व भएका थप १० जातिमा सुँढी, बंगाली, मेचे,पहरी, किसान, थकाली, जिरेल, दुरा, चिडिमा र कोचे छन्।Constitution amendment: India tells Nepal to bring Madhesis on board
India must be mindful of the aspirations of the Madhesis
The Terai forces make three points. One, the amendment on political representation does not guarantee that half the constituencies will be in Terai, in proportion to population. It also does not address under-representation in the upper house, where each state has been given an equal number of representatives. Given that there will be fewer provinces in the plains but more people, Terai loses out. Two, the amendment on proportionate inclusion will not necessarily lead to inclusion, because a whole range of social groups have been given reservation benefits. Both these amendments are a dilution of the interim constitution. Three, the core question of revising federal boundaries has been left to a political mechanism. The Madhesis strongly feel that the Nepali state is only out to buy time, and will not deliver in the future. ..... a settlement that does not take into account Terai’s parties and is not owned by them will leave the Madhesis with a sense that India has let them down; it will embolden the ultra nationalist constituency in Kathmandu; and it will not solve India’s worries of future security across an open border. India must remain patient, and nudge Kathmandu to revise its proposal, and bring the Madhesis on board first.